Central Police University is the highest police education institution in our country. On Sept. 1, 1936, by merging Police Academy of Ministry of Interior, MOI and Chechiang Provincial Police School, the government established Central Police College for the purpose of unifying the police educational systems of the country. This college located in the town of Maqun in Nanjing provided two-year and three-year police educations. At the breakout of Anti-Japanese War in 1937, the college migrated westwardly with the National Capital from Nanjing to Chongging, then, located at Danzishi in the southern of Chongqing. There, besides the regular police education, special police training courses and special training courses for police officers were added.
To train senior police cadres who can take charge of a department alone, an advanced research course was organized in Jan. 1944. In order to reserve the police cadres after the restoration of Taiwan, a workshop for police cadres was started in Sept. 1944 and the first-class graduates in each period of research course were selected to further their studies in the United States.
In accordance with the national policy and the requirement for police work construction, the college expanded the training for army officers change career path to be police officers and other special trainings in January 1944. Besides Nanjing, six other branches were established in Xi'an, Guangchou, Dihua, Chongqing, Beijing and Shenyang, as well as two police officer squads in Shanghai and Taiwan. After the triumph of Anti-Japanese War in 1945, the college locality returned to Nanjing, located in the place just outside the Guanghua City-Gate. The college, including the one located in Nanjing and other branches in country, and the police officer squads were flourished for a time with more than 12,000 students.
When Civil War broke out in 1949, the college was moved to Guangzhou, then to Chongqing, and finally to Taiwan where it was consolidated with the Training Course for Police Officers in Taipei. Following the reorganization of government agencies, in June 1950, the college was forced to close under government order. However, the Training Course for Police Officers was still kept for training police in-service.
The police school was reestablished in Oct. 1954 under government order to continue providing the regular education. In 1957, with approval from the Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Education, the school was expanded into a four-year college. In the beginning only the Police Administration and Criminal Investigation departments were established, followed by the establishment of other departments, including Public Security, Crime Prevention and Corrections, Household Administration, Fire Service, Traffic Science, Foreign Affairs Police, Military-Service Administration, Administrative Management, Information Management, Border Police, Maritime Police, Forensic Science and Law. In 1970, the Master of Art degree in police administration was offered. Since 1974, female students were admitted to enter the college. In 1994, the Ph.D. program was offered in graduate school. Besides constructing the research institute and regular education, seminars for the promotion of police in-service and professional seminars were held. In order to accelerate international friendship and cooperation, the college not only admits foreign students, but also cooperates with foreign universities, exchanges teachers and students, holds academic seminars and takes part in international academic organizations and activities.
Approved by Legislative Yuan on Dec. 12, 1995, the school was formally renamed as Central Police University under the public proclamation of the president on Dec. 20, 1995. Since its establishment in 1936, the college has been enjoying a history of over seventy years. By glorying in the tradition and elaborating on the innovation, police academic levels and positions in our country are surely to be improved and more qualified people in this field can be cultivated for the brilliant future of a more modernized and scientific police university in the 21st century.